Peridot has a very long written history. The Crusaders brought peridot to Europe in the Middle Ages from St. John’s Island in the Red Sea, where it has been mined for over 3,500 years. Ancient papyri record the mining of these stones as early as 1500 BC. The main source of peridot in the ancient world was Topazo Island (now Zabargad or St. John’s Island) in the Egyptian Red Sea. In Ancient times, peridot stones were used for carved talismans. Peridot is the National gem of Egypt. Ancient Egyptians knew it as “the gem of the sun.”
Peridot happens to be found in lava, meteorites and deeps of earth's mantle. It has a beautiful yellow to green color, and is known as the "extreme" gem due to its formation. Peridot is the birthstone for August, a stone for Leo and Virgo, as it is ruled by the planet Venus that also gives power to Taurus and Libra as Zodiac stones as well. and the 16th anniversary gemstone. Although the best peridot is a pure grass green, most peridot is yellowish-green. Peridot is cut in a wide variety of styles, including ovals, emerald cuts, and cushions. Peridot is readily available for many types of jewelry. It can be very affordable and attractive, even in normal commercial qualities. Peridot can also come in large sizes and very intense colors to satisfy the most discriminating colored gemstone connoisseur. Peridot has an orthorhombic crystal system and a hardness rate of 6.5-7.0 mohs.
Peridot is a bit of a conundrum, it is known by three names: Peridot, Olivin and Chrysolith. Peridot was known in old times as chrysolite. The name chysolite however, was used at a time when we did not have the ability to so accurately identify stones as we do today. Peridot is gem quality specimens of the mineral olivine and it is often found in lavas carried to the surface. Gem quality peridot only occurs in a fraction of these settings. Peridots can be also found in meteorites.
Olivine in general is a very abundant mineral, but gem quality peridot is rather rare, as a result it is considered to be precious. Peridot has an olive or bottle green color that is due to the presence of iron, and a distinctive oily or greasy luster. The amount of iron is what gives the stone a range of color from yellow-green and olive to brownish green. The olive green stones are called Olivine, the yellow ones Chrysolite and the spring green are Peridot. There is a very rare form of Peridot that is white; this is called Boltonite. The main sources are the island of Zabargad , Arizona (USA), the Hawaiian Islands, Burma and Brazil.
Healing properties of Peridot
Peridot may increase confidence and assertiveness, balanced by patience and clarity of thought. It is also known as a stone for prosperity and happiness. The energy of Peridot has been known for being a good tonic for the body. On the emotional level they have an excellent action to assist you to feel happier, and they will help you to let go of feelings of anger or jealousy. Peridot gemstones are wonderful to wear, and are also helpful healing stones, that may strengthen eyesight. Their energy works to aid healing in the chest and gut, and they are known to help stomach and duodenal ulcers. They are known to help the body to heal from health issues such as problems in the heart, lungs, spleen and the intestines too. Their healing attributes relate to how they may stimulate your body, and boost strength and staying power. Emotionally, they will help you to feel more at ease and to flow with the various developments of life. Peridot is seen as a visionary stone which helps to connect us to our destinies and to understand the purpose of our existence. The Romans wore Peridot as protection from enchantment and ward off illusion. During the middle ages it was worn to gain foresight, inspiration and eloquence. It is told that Peridot has the ability to slow the ageing process and is often used in religious jewelry.