Let's talk about the beautiful and youthful Murano Glass, especially the Murano Beads, which have become very popular in the last decade. The Murano Beads have innovative elements such as crystalline glass, enamelled glass also called smalto, glass with threads of gold, multicolored glass, milk glass and gemstone imitation glass. The process of Murano bead-making begins with the production of color canes. The chemical compounds involved in color fabrication are extremely sensitive so they must be mixed with extreme accuracy, that's why the Murano Beads are famous of being made with passion and perfection.
About the Glass
The Glass of the Murano Beads, comes from Italy, specifically, Venetia. So that's why the Murano Beads are known as Venetian Glass Beads. Venetian glass is primarily made on the island of Murano. It is world-renowned for being colourful, elaborate, and skillfully made. Many of the important characteristics of these objects had been developed by the thirteenth century. Toward the end of that century, the centre of the Venetian glass industry moved to Murano.
About the Color on the Glass
The color on the glass can vary into any color possible, and the glass masters have their secrets about chemicals and other goodies injected in the glass making process. But there has been known that Aquamarine is created through the use of copper and cobalt and ruby red is achieved through the use of a gold solution as a coloring agent. So, you can be sure to have some teeny-tiny bits of several minerals and metals on your lovely Murano Beads.
About the making
Most Murano beads are made using an air pump burner lampworking or torch and mandrel technique, once the mandrel was made by using an iron rod covered with a release material stuck on the top of the rod, now a copper tube has taken its place. The copper tube helps make many other different shapes.
The lamp-work method is the most time consuming method of glass bead-making. As each bead must be formed individually. Using a torch for heat, Murano glass rods and tubes are heated to a molten state and wrapped around a metal rod until the desired shape is achieved. Several layers of different colored glass as well as gold and silver leaf are used to produce the desired effect. After the bead is slowly cooled, it is removed from the rod which produces a hole for eventual stringing.
Wedding cake beads "Fiorato"(decorated with glass overlays featuring roses, swirls and dots) and Venetian foil beads (with their fusion of color, gold and silver foil) are just two of the kinds of beads made using the lampwork method.